They remain as cheap labor, to be used whatsapp phone number list when capitalism requires it. At the same time, the limited capacity to protest and sue leads to further exploitation, which is masked by appeals to "natural factors" such as gender whatsapp phone number list and race. In this perspective, women represent «anti-capitalism», However, the phenomenon is not as linear as it seems. The author analyzes the processes of urbanization and the abolition of slavery in Brazil, processes that, together with European immigration, produced significant changes whatsapp phone number list in the organization of the family, in particular the destabilization of the patriarchal family.
Urbanization caused whatsapp phone number list transformations in the social position of urban women: the expansion of cultural horizons, the limitation of birth rates, divorce. In addition, there was a growing adoption of the Western legal family framework (especially among ex-slaves) which paradoxically implied a reinforcement of sexual taboos. Cultural factors play then: the cult of female virginity in a world of double standards, the exaltation of the "macho" as an ideal of masculinity. As a result,33. Family structures and symbolic whatsapp phone number list and cultural practices were also transformed.
However, the articulation whatsapp phone number list between the sexual division of labor in the domestic sphere and the family, on the one hand, and the capitalist production structure on the other, is not raised or answered in Saffioti's whatsapp phone number list analysis. This is the topic that Isabel Larguía and John Dumoulin will address3. 4. The starting point of this theme is in the process of differentiation between "home" and "work", that is, the separation between the processes of social production integrated into the capitalist market through the division whatsapp phone number list of labor, and the processes linked to consumption and reproduction.